Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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RITCHIE, John William, Canadian jurist, born in Annapolis, Nova Scotia, 26 March, 1808. He is the son of Thomas Ritchie, a Nova Scotia judge, of Scottish origin. He was educated at Pictou, studied law, and was admitted to the bar of Nova Scotia in 1832, and to that of Prince Edward island in 1836. In 1850 he was a commissioner for consolidating the statutes of Nova Scotia, and subsequently to adjust the tenant's right question in Prince Edward island. In 1864 he became a member of the executive council of Nova Scotia, and in 1867 he was appointed to the Canadian senate. In June, 1870, Mr. Ritchie was appointed judge of the supreme court of Nova, Scotia, and in 1873 he became judge in equity.--His brother. Sir William Johnston, Canadian jurist, born in Annapolis, Nova Scotia, 28 October, 1813, was educated at the Pictou academy, studied law with his brother, and was admitted to the bar of New Brunswick in 1838. He was appointed queen's counsel in 1854, and was a member of the executive council of the province from October, 1854, until he was appointed puisne judge of the supreme court of New Brunswick, 17 August, 1855. He held this place on the bench till 6 December, 1865, when he became chief justice of New Brunswick. He was appointed a puisne judge of the supreme court of the Dominion, 8 October, 1875, and chief justice of Canada, 11 January, 1879. He represented the city and county of St. John in the New Brunswick assembly from 1846 till 1851, when he retired, and served again from 1854 till his elevation to the bench, He was knighted by the queen, 1 November, 1881. Sir William was deputy governor of Canada during the absence of Lord Lorne in England, from 6 , July, 1881, till January, 1882, and again from 6 September till December, 1882. On 5 March, 1884, he was appointed deputy of the governor-areneral, Lord Lansdowne.
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