Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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YOUNG, John, agricultural writer, born in Falkirk, Scotland, in September, 1773; died in Halifax, Nova Scotia, 6 October 1837. He was educated in Glasgow, became a merchant, emigrated to Nova Scotia in 1814, and was the representative of Sydney in the provincial assembly from 1825 till his death. He also filled the office of secretary of the Nova Scotia board of agriculture, having awakened a wide-spread interest in agricultural economy by a series of letters that were published under the signature of "Agricola" in the Halifax" Recorder" in 1818, and taken an active part in the formation of agricultural societies, to which the first impetus was given by his letters, which were published in book-form under the title of "Letters of Agricola on the Principles of Vegetation and Tillage" (Hall-fax, 1822). He also prepared a "Report of the Proceedings of the Agricultural Society of Hall-fax " (Halifax, 1823-'4).--His son, George R., author, born in Scotland" died in Halifax, Nova Scotia, was a member of parliament, and the author of several important works, the chief of which was a sketch of " Colonial Literature, Science, and Education " He was also the founder of the "Nova Scotian," a paper which in after years, under the editorship of Joseph Howe, exerted wide influence. He also published "Letters to E. G. S. Stanley, M. P., upon the Existing Treaties with France and America as regards their Rights of Fishery" (London, 1834), and " History, Principles, and Prospects of the Bank of British North America and of the Colonial Bank" (1838).--Another son, Sir William, Canadian jurist, born in Palkirk, Stirlingshire, Scotland, 29 July, 1799; died in Halifax, Nova Scotia, , 8 May, 1887, was educated at Glasgow university, went to Nova Scotia with his family in 1814, and aided his father in business until 1820, when he entered a law-office. In 1826 he was admitted a barrister, and in 1843 he became queen's counsel. He entered into partnership with his brothers, and in 1832 was elected to the Prince Edward island house of assembly. Later, when the island was divided, he sat for Inverness from 1837 till 1859. In 1838 Mr. Young was sent as one of a delegation to Quebec to meet Lord Durham to discuss matters affecting the prosperity of the province. During the session of 1839 Mr. Young was appointed a delegate to represent to the imperial government the views of Nova Scotia regarding certain reforms, which were accomplished. In 1840 he was active in the demonstrations against Sir Colin Campbell, then lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia, which resulted in his recall, and he was equally hostile to his successor, the Viscount Falkland. In 1843 Young was elected speaker of the house of assembly by a majority of two votes. On 8 February, 1844, the new house met. when Young, who had been elevated to a seat in the executive council, but had resigned on his appointment to the speakership, was re-elected speaker. In 1847 Sir John Harvey, who succeeded Lord Falkland, proposed a coalition; but Young opposed the suggestion with his accustomed vigor. A new election was determined upon, in which the reformers were victors, and Young was a third time elected speaker. In the session of 1850 he was appointed on a commission to consolidate and simplify the laws. This is said to have been the first time that an attempt of the sort was ever made in a British colony. In 1854 Mr. Young assumed the office of attorney-general, and formed a ministry, that was defeated shortly afterward, but in 1860 Mr. Young and his party again assumed control of affairs. He became premier and president of the council, and on the death of Chief-Justice Sir Brenton Haliburton in the same year, was appointed to that post. Soon afterward he was created judge of the vice-admiralty, an imperial appointment, and in 1868 he was knighted by the queen. For many years Sir William he was a member of the board of governors of Dalhousie university, Halifax, and chairman of that body. He declined the lieu-tenant-governorship of Nova Scotia. On 4 Nay, 1881, he resigned his seat on the bench, and at his death he left the greater part of his wealth to charitable and educational institutions.--Another son, Charles, Canadian jurist, born in Glasgow, Scotland, 30 April, 1812, studied in Dalhousie college, Halifax, where he took honors, and entered the law-office of his brothers, George and William. In 1838 he was called to the bars of Nova Scotia and of Prince Edward island, and, forming a copartnership with his brothers, practised for several years. On 23 November, 1847, he was the first barrister in Prince Edward island to be appointed queen's counsel. At the age of twenty-eight he entered the island house of assembly, and was soon transferred to the legislative council, where he sat for twenty-three years, (luring ten of which he was its president. In 1851-'2 and 1858-'9 he was attorney-general, and he was also administrator of the government of Prince Edward island for four years. Like his brother William, he was a warm supporter of the policy of responsible government, and he was the first public man in the island to espouse that principle. In 1852 he received his appointment as judge of probate, and sixteen years later he became judge in bankruptcy. In March, 1875, he retired from the latter post. As a barrister he had a very large and lucrative practice, hardly a case of importance occurring in which he was not retained. In tenantry cases he was almost invariably retained by the tenants, and the peculiar land laws of the island found always in hint a ready and logical interpreter. He frequently delivered public lectures, and the Mechanics' institute of Charlottetown owes to him its foundation. Since 1845 he has been a warm temperance advocate, and he has been a local preacher of the Methodist church for many years. In 1858 the queen offered him the dignity of knighthood, which he declined.
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