Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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ARNOLD, Jonathan, statesman, born in Providence, Rhode Island, 14 December 1741; died in St. Johnsbury, Vermont, 2 February 1798. He studied medicine, and began practice. In 1774 he was a charter member of the Providence grenadiers. He was a member of the general assembly in 1776, and author of the act of May 1776, repealing the law providing for the oath of allegiance to England. During the revolutionary war he was a surgeon in the army, and director of the army hospital at Providence. After the war he removed to St. Johnsbury, Vermont, where in 1782 he was appointed judge of the Orange County court, an office which he held until his death. From 1782 to 1784 he was a member of the continental congress.*His son, Lemuel Hastings, statesman, born in St,. Johnsbury, Vermont, 29 January 1792; died in Kingston, Rhode Island, 27 June. 1852, was graduated at Dartmouth in 1811, studied law, and practiced in Providence from 1814 to 1821, after which he engaged in manufactures. From 1826 to 1831 he was a member of the general assembly of his state. He was elected governor of Rhode Island in 1831 and again in 1832. During the Dorr rebellion of 1842, he was a member of the executive council. He was a representative in congress from 1 December 1845, till 3 March 1847.*Richard, son of Lemuel Hastings, soldier, born in Providence, Rhode Island, 12 April 1828; died on Governor's Island, New York harbor, 8 November 1882. He was a son of Governor L. H. Arnold, was graduated at West Point in 1850. He took part in the Northern Pacific railroad exploration in 1853, and was aide to General Wool in California from 1855 to 1861. At the beginning of the civil war he was made captain in the 5th artillery, and served at Bull Run and through the peninsular campaign. On 29 June 1862, he was brevetted major for services at the battle of Savage Station, Virginia, and o51 29 November he was made Brigadier-General of volunteers. On 8 July 1863, he was brevetted Lieutenant-Colonel in the regular army for services at l, he siege of Port Hudson. He commanded a cavalry division in General Banks's Red River expedition in 1864, and later in the same year rendered important services at the reduction of Fort Morgan, Mobile bay, for which, on 22 August 1865, he was made brevet Major-General of volunteers. For his services through the war he was, on 13 March 1865, brevetted colonel, Brigadier-General, and Major-General in the regular army. After the close of the war he commanded various posts, and on 5 December 1877, was made acting assistant inspector-general of the department of the east. At the time of his death he was major in the 5th artillery.
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