Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CARVER, Jonathan, traveller, born in Stillwater, New York, in 1732; died in London, 31 Jan°. 1780. In the French war he commanded a company of provincials in the expedition against Canada, and in 1763 he undertook to explore the vast territory claimed by Great Britain in North America. He left Boston in 1766, and, having reached Michili-mackinac, the remotest English post, applied to Mr. Rogers, the governor, for a supply of goods as presents for the Indians on the route he intended to follow. Having received a part of the required supply, with the promise that the remainder should be sent after him to the falls of St. Anthony, he continued his journey; but, as the expected goods did not reach him, he was under the necessity of returning to Prairie du Chien. Thence, in the beginning of 1767, he set out northward, with a view of finding a communication between the head-waters of the Mississippi and Lake Superior. He reached Lake Superior, and returned, after spending several months on its northern and eastern borders, and exploring the bays and rivers that flow into the lake. Soon after his arrival at Boston, in October 1768, at which date he had travelled nearly 7,000 miles, he set out for England "to announce his discoveries." On his arrival, he presented a petition to the king, praying for a re-im-bursement of the sums he had expended; and, after undergoing an examination by the........ board of trade, which ordered him to surrender his papers, he received permission to publish his jour-nal. But the profits he derived from the sale were insufficient to relieve his necessities, and in the win: ter of 1779 he obtained a subsistence by acting as clerk in a lottery-office. Having sold his name to a historical compilation, which was published in a large folio volume, entitled "The New Universal Traveller" (London, 1779), containing an account of all the empires, kingdoms, and states in the known world, he was abandoned by those whose duty it was to support him. In the early part of 1780 he was reduced to poverty, and died in a state of destitution. The circumstances were made known to the public by the benevolent Dr. Lettsom, who brought out a new edition of his travels for the benefit of his widow and children, and made such a representation of the author's sufferings as finally led to the institution of the literary fund. The titles of his books are "Travels through the interior Parts of North America" (London, 1778) and " Treatise on the Culture of the Tobacco Plant" (1779).
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