Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MANRIQUE, Jose Angel (man-re'-keh), Colombian poet, born in Bogota in 1777; died in Cacota in 1822. He studied at the College of Nuestra Senora del Rosario in Bogota. He took part in revolutionary movements in 1794, and his youth alone saved him from being sent to Spain. He afterward entered the church, and was ordained in 1798. He was a zealous partisan of the revolution of 20 July, 1810, and contributed greatly to rouse the enthusiasm of the people. The influence that he obtained on that day he used on a subsequent occasion in favor of the wife of the viceroy, when she was taken from the convent of the Ensenanza to prison. He retired afterward to his curacy at Manta, and was taken prisoner by Morillo in 1816. The service that he had rendered the wife of the viceroy saved his life. In 1818, while curate of Manta, he was brought to trial for having preached in Tibirita in favor of the insurgents, and for having had unlawful dealings with them in the town of Macheta, procuring them horses, arms, and other implements of war. In the same year he took part in the guerilla war of the Almeidas, and was again taken prisoner and sentenced to be banished to Spain. When he was about to embark at Santa Marta, the news of the victorious battle of Boyaca, 17 August, 1819, reached the city. He escaped, and, destitute of means and nearly blind, made his way to Bogota. Bolivar offered him a place in the choir of the cathedral of that city, but he refused it, and would only accept the curacy of Cacota. Manrique was the author of the burlesque poems "Tocaimada" and "Tunjunada" (Bogota, 1802), and of several notable epigrams.
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