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Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





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Jose Balta

Jose Balta Biography - A Stan Klos Company

BALTA, José, president of Perú, died in Lima, Perú. 26 July 1872. At the beginning of his public career he took part in the military operations consequent on the invasion of Perú by President Santo Cruz, of Bolivia, in 1836. He was an actor in the various Peruvian revolutions, was distinguished in the defeat of the Spaniards on 2 May 1866, and in 1867 led a revolt against the dictator - president, Prado, and drove him into temporary exile in Chile.  

Colonel Balta was elected president for four years by a large majority in April 1868, and inaugurated on 2 August His administration was on the whole prosperous and popular; but he burdened the country with immense loans for the purpose of building railroads. In the presidential contest of 1872 the vote was so close that the election was thrown into the congress, and when it became evident that Dr. Arenas, the administration candidate, would be defeated, Balta was strongly urged by General Gutiérrez, his minister of war, to declare himself dictator. But the president refused to do this, and made public his intention of resigning his office, on the expiration of his term, to the successor appointed by congress.  

This did not suit Gutiérrez, and he immediately seized and imprisoned Balta, and proclaimed himself supreme chief of the republic. This usurpation was of brief duration. The new dictator had few sympathizers, and four days after his coup d'etat a disturbance took place in which Silvestre Gutiérrez, his brother and minister of war, was killed. In revenge, the usurper gave orders to kill Balta, and the latter was shot in his prison as he lay ill, July 22 (others say 26), 1872. That night the populace of Lima rose in insurrection. Gutiérrez, after a vain attempt to escape, was killed, and the legal president, Pardo, was inaugurated soon afterward.

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia by John Looby, Copyright © 2001 VirtualologyTM

BALTA, Jose, president of Peru, died in Lima, Peru. 26 July 1872. At the beginning of his public career he took part in the military operations consequent on the invasion of Peru by President Santo Cruz, of Bolivia, in 1836. He was an actor in the various Peruvian revolutions, was distinguished in the defeat of the Spaniards on 2 May 1866, and in 1867 led a revolt against the dictator - president, Prado, and drove him into temporary exile in Chili. Colonel Balta was elected president for four years by a large majority in April 1868, and inaugurated on 2 August His administration was on the whole prosperous and popular; but he burdened the country with immense loans for the purpose of building railroads. In the presidential contest of 1872 the vote was so close that the election was thrown into the congress, and when it became evident that Dr. Arenas, the administration candidate, would be defeated. Balta was strongly urged by General Gutigirez, his minister of war, to declare himself dictator. But the president refused to do this, and made public his intention of resigning his office, on the expiration of his term, to the successor appointed by congress. This did not suit Gutidrrez, and he immediately seized and imprisoned Balta, and proclaimed himself supreme chief of the republic. This usurpation was of brief duration. The new dictator had few sympathizers, and four days after his coup d'etat a disturbance took place in which Silvestre Gutidrrez, his brother and minister of war, was killed, in revenge, the usurper gave orders to kill Balta, and the latter was shot in his prison as he lay ill, July 22 (others say 26), 1872. That night the populace of Lima rose in insurrection. Guti6rrez, after a vain attempt to escape, was killed, and the legal president, Pardo, was inaugurated soon afterward.

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright © 2001 VirtualologyTM

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