Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BUSTAMANTE Y GUERRA, Jose, Spanish naval officer, born in Santander in 1759; died in Madrid in 1825. He made an important exploring voyage in 1780 to examine the coasts of Marianas and Philippine islands, Macao, New Guinea, New Hebrides, New Zealand, Peru, Patagonia, and the Maldive islands. In 1796 he was appointed governor of Montevideo, and it was due to him that the English fleet failed to get possession of that port. While he was escorting a transport to Lima four British ships attacked his own, and he was wounded, made a prisoner, and taken to England with his flotilla. When he had recovered from his wounds he returned to Spain, where, after an inquest, he was honorably acquitted. In 1810 he was appointed captain-general and president of Guatemala, and thence he returned to Madrid to be director of the navy and fill other high offices until his death.
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