Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CARRATALA, Jose (car-rah-ta-lah'), Spanish soldier, born in Alicante in the latter part of the 18th century; died in Spain about 1845. He had just finished his studies when Napoleon's army invaded Spain in 1808, and at once enrolled himself in a Spanish regiment. He was wounded at the battle of Tudela and the second siege of Saragossa, won several promotions, and at the close of the war was lieutenant colonel. In September, 1815, he went to Peru as colonel of his regiment, and took part in battles at Jujuy and Salta. occupied Are-quipa in 1820, burned several towns in the province of Jauja, was promoted to the rank of brigadier-general, and joined Canterac, with whom he won the battle of Macacona, and continued the campaign to the end. He wrote the capitulation after the battle of Ayacucho, when the royalists were finally defeated in South America. On his return to Spain, he again took part in military operations, in 1827 was appointed lieutenant-general, and then captain-general of several provinces, and became minister of war and senator in 1841.
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