Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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TELL0 DE PORTUGAL, Jose de Espinosa, Spanish geographer, born in Seville in March, 1763; died in Madrid, 6 September, 1815. He was a younger son of Count del Aguila, entered the navy as a cadet in 1778, served in the West Indies, and assisted in the capture of Yorktown in October, 1781, and in the expedition to Tobago under Bouille. After the conclusion of peace in 1783 he was employed in the naval observatory at Cadiz, and made charts of the Spanish coast from Fuenterrabia to Ferrol. In 1790 he joined the expedition of Alejandro Malaspina, determined the geographical position of Acapulco and other points, and with Malaspina explored the Straits of Nootka on the northwest coast of California. He afterward made astronomical observations in the Chilian Andes, and travelled through Peru and the La Plata provinces in 1792-'4. On his return to Spain he was promoted adjutant of General Mazarredo, and in 1796 was made secretary of the board of hydrography, in which capacity he was charged in 1797 with the correction of the plates of the great naval atlas of Spain that had been prepared under the direction of Vicente Tofifio. He was promoted commodore and president of the board of hydrography in 1800, and secretary to the admiralty, with the rank of minister, in 1807. At the accession of Joseph Bonaparte he retired to London, where he lived till the restoration of Ferdinand VII. in 1814, when he returned to Spain. His works include "Carta esfSrica que comprende las Costas del Seno Mejicano" (Madrid, 1799; revised ed., 1805) ; " Me-morias sobre las observaciones astron6micas, hechas por los navegantes Espanoles en distintos lugares del Globo" (2 vols., 1809) ; "Carta de las Antillas y de Tierra Firme" (London, 1811); and "Carta del Oceano Atlantico" (1812).
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