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GANA, Jose Francisco, Chilian soldier, born in Santiago, 13 November, 1791 ; died in Nufioa, 10 February, 1862. He entered military service in 1806 as a cadet, and in 1808 was promoted 2d lieutenant of the king's regiment, in which he served during the apprehension of an English invasion in 1809, and after the declaration of independence in 1810 till 1812, when he retired to give himself entirely to study. In 1820 Gana entered the service again on 3 May, and took part in the expedition of General San Martin. Gana with his battalion captured the City of Huaras with the whole garrison, and, as the provinces of Trujillo, Lambayeque, and Piura pronounced for the insurrection, the whole northern portion of Peru was separated from the rule of the viceroy. The viceroy, La Serna, abandoned the capital on 6 July, and on the 12th San Martin occupied the City, and independence was solemnly proclaimed on 28 July. Meanwhile Gana took part in the assault of Callao, 14 August, and after the final surrender of 21 September was promoted major. Gana participated in General Sucre's expedition to the south, and commanded a column that attacked the Spanish forces at Quilca, 14 August, 1823, and, notwithstanding the loss of one third of his troops, routed the enemy and pursued him toward Arequipa. In October he returned to Chili, and in 1825 was sent with his battalion under Colonel Sanchez to garrison Talca against the attacks of the bandit Pincheira, whom he surprised and defeated. In December of the same year he was promoted colonel, and his battalion formed part of General Freire's expedition to Chiloe, which archipelago was still held by the Spanish under General Quintanilla. He participated in the decisive battle of Bellavista, 14 January 1826, and was commissioned by Freire to sign the capitulation of Pudeto on 19 January which surrendered the rest of Chilian territory to the independent forces. In 1830 he joined the rising of his party under Freire, and, after their defeat at Lircay on 17 April, declined to serve under the government of the conservatives, and retired from active service. He was called into service again by the government of General Bulnes, 7 November, 1842, and assigned to the presidency of the military College. Twice he represented the district of Talca in congress, and in 1849 was appointed intendant of the province of Atacama. In September, 1851, he was called by the new president, Manuel Montt, to the secretaryship of the army and navy, and in 1853 was appointed president of the military court of appeals, being promoted in 1854 to brigadier-general. At the same time he was dean of the philological faculty of the University, a literary honor which no other Chilian general ever attained. In 1856 he was sent as minister to Ecuador, and on his return in 1857 again took charge of the portfolio of the army and navy. In 1858 he was sent on a special mission to Spain. In 1860 he was elected senator of the republic, and in 1861 appointed counsellor of state.
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