Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CONDORCANAUI, Jose Gabriel (con-dor-can'-ke), also called Tupac Amaru or Aymaru, American Spaniard, who, having been ill treated by a magistrate of Lima, attempted the redress of his own grievances, and the oppressions of the Indians, by exciting an insurrection in 1780. He was artful and intrepid, and, to conciliate the Indians, assumed the name of the Inca Tupac Amaru, professing a design to restore the ancient dynasty of Peru. Being a cacique of the province of Tinta, under pretext of celebrating Charles III.'s birthday with a banquet, he invited the governor of the province, Antonio Arriaga, who at once was imprisoned, and hanged on 6 November His plan was at first successful ; and, after a contest of three years, he was hailed Inca of Peru. But he became obnoxious to the Spanish settlers, and troops were sent against him. Yet the rebellion gained ground, being assisted by nearly 60,000 Indians, who murdered men and women and committed revolting atrocities. Finally, the efforts of the Indians proving too feeble, Condorcanqui and other leaders of the revolt were deserted by their followers, taken, and put to death, with no less cruelty than they had practiced against the Spaniards. His two sons, his wife, another Indian woman, who was the mother of his son Hipolito, and his uncle, Francisco Tupac Amaru, were all executed at Cuzco on 18 May, 1781.
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