Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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UNANUE, Jose Hipolito (oo-nah'-noo-ay), Peruvian scientist, born in Arica, 13 August, 1758; died in Lima, 15 July, 1833. He was destined by his parents for the priesthood, and was sent to Lima to study, but there his uncle persuaded him to become a physician. He founded the anatomical museum of Lima, and, as a professor of the medical college, took part in the publication of the "Mercurio Peruano," editing several articles under the pseudonym of "Ariosto." He was cosmographer of the viceroyalty, and in this post took, from 1793 till 1797, the census of Peru and published a political, ecclesiastic, and military guide to the country. He was greatly esteemed by all the European scientists that visited Peru, and a plant, " Unanuea febrifuga," was named in his honor. He founded the medical college of San Fernando, for which service he was appointed honorary physician of the royal chamber. After the beginning of the revolution he favored the patriot cause, and in 1812 was elected deputy to the Spanish cortes for Arequipa. When the independent government was installed, Unanue was appointed minister of the treasury, and afterward he was president of the first constituent congress, vice-president of the Society of the friends of the country, and a member of the council of state, he possessed the confidence of Bolivar, and when the latter abandoned Peru he appointed Unanue president of the council of ministers, which governed the country. He was honorary member of the sol-entitle societies of Munich, Madrid, Philadelphia, and New York, and wrote "Ensayos sobre la educacion de la Juventud " (Lima, 1826).; " Principios de Geometria, Ldgica, Metafisica v Etiea" (1827); "Defensa del sistema fisico de Newton" (1828); "El Verdadero Peruano " (1829); " Observaciones sobre el Clima de Lima" (1830) ; and " Los Andes libres" (1832).
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