Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CUNHA DE AZEVEDO COUTINHO, Jose Joaquim da (koon'-ya day ah-thay-vay'-do koo-teen'-yo), Brazilian bishop, born in San Salvador do Campo dos Goitaea, zes, Rio Janeiro, 8 September 1748; died in Rio Janeiro, 12 September 1821. After studying in the capital of his province, he finished his education at Coimbra, Portugal, and returned to his country. In 1784 he went to Lisbon as deputy to the Inquisition, and was appointed bishop of Pernambueo in 1794, where he at once devoted himself to benevolent work, specially the building of hospitals, also founding a seminary for the instruction of priests, for which Queen Mary of Portugal gave him several estates that had belonged to the Jesuits. He was appointed bishop of Braganza in 1802, archbishop of Braga in 1806, and bishop of Beja in 1817, and although he declined to be removed from his diocese, he was obliged to serve as president of the board in charge of monastic affairs. He died soon after his election as deputy to the Brazilian Cortes. He had distinguished himself by his patriotism during the Napoleonic wars, and left works highly esteemed in Brazil and Portugal, which have been translated into several languages.
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