Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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NEVES, Jose Joaquim de Andrade (nay-yes), Baron do Triumpho, Brazilian soldier, born in Rio Pardo, 22 January, 1807; died in Asuncion, Paraguay, 6 January, 1869. At the beginning of the revolution in 1835 he took up arms on the side of the government, and before 1843 participated in fourteen battles, finally accomplishing the pacification of his province. During the war with Juan Manuel de Rosas he served as commander of the 7th brigade of cavalry in Uruguay in 1851-'2, and was pro meted brigadier in 1858. When the Brazilian forces invaded Uruguay in December, 1864, he formed a body of volunteer cavalry in Rio Grande do Sul, and as commander of the 3d brigade participated in the siege of Montevideo. He took part from the beginning with his brigade in the ensuing war against Paraguay, and after 1867 was the commander of the vanguard, defeating the enemy in the battles of Arroio Hondo and Potrero Ovelha, capturing the town of Pilaf, and being created Baron do Triompho in 1867. On 19 February, 1868, when it was resolved to force the passage of Humaita by the fleet, Neves received orders to attack the redoubt of Estabelecimiento at the same time and took it by storm. In August, 1868, the advance northward was determined upon, and there, and in the Chaco, Neves had occasion to use his cavalry with advantage. On 11 December, in the brittle of Avahi, he outflanked the enemy on the left, and by his cavalry charges contributed to the victory, in consequence of which the Paraguayans abandoned the position of Villeta and took shelter in the fortified camp of Lomas Valentinas. On 21 December, after a successful reconnoissance of Potreiro Marmore, Neves captured the first redoubt, but was seriously wounded. He was carried to Asuncion after the enemy had abandoned the fortified camp, and died there in the palace of the dictator Lopez.
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