Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MORA, Jose Joaquin, Spanish author, born in Cadiz, Spain, in 1784; died in Spain after 1848. He was the son of a magistrate of Cadiz, educated at the University of Grenada, and became professor in the College of San Miguel. After the French invasion he joined the army and was captured by the enemy, who sent him to Autun, where he married a French lady. On his return to Madrid in 1814 he established himself as a lawyer, and became the editor of various literary reviews. In 1820 he translated Jeremy Bentham's address to the cortes into Spanish, and in that year was charged by Ferdinand VII. with a mission to Rome. 0,1 the restoration of the absolutist government in 1823 he went to England, where he was book-agent for various South American states and a contributor to periodicals. His efforts in supplying the South Americans with Spanish works procured for him in 1827 the editorship of the official journal of Buenos Ayres, entitled "Crenica Politica." Afterward he exerted considerable influence in Chili as director of the lyceum, as a journalist, and as under-secretary of state, in which capacity he drew up the constitution of Chili. He was also instrumental in the promulgation of the Chilian free-trade tariff of 1830. He lectured on philosophy and other subjects in Peru, and was private secretary to General Santa Cruz in Bolivia from 1834 till 1838, when he returned to London as consul general of the Peru-Bolivian confederation. In 1843 he returned to Spain and directed the College of San Felipe in Cadiz, and in 1856 he was again made consul-general to London. he was a member of the Royal academy of Madrid. He translated into Spanish "Ivanhoe" and " The Talisman," and was the first to familiarize the Spaniards with the writings of Walter Scott. His works in-elude a " History of the Arabs " (2 vols., London, 1826), and "Spanish Legends," on which his fame chiefly rests (1840). Many of his lyrical and satirical poems arecontained in Ferdinand Wolf's " Ploresta de Rimas modernas Castellanas" (1832). He also edited the works of Luis de Grenada, in a collection of the Spanish classics (1848).
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