Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MANZ0, Jose (man'-tho), Mexican artist, born in Puebla in 1789; died in Mexico about 1840. Showing in his youth a decided artistic talent, he was sent to study painting under Salvador del Huerto, with whom he remained scarcely a year, as he began to apply himself entirely to engraving and chasing, in which he soon excelled. Among the many works that were executed by him for churches, the most noteworthy are the monstrance of the Church of Santa Clara, in Puebla, and the tabernacle of the cathedral, which satisfied Bishop Perez so well that he charged Manzo with the direction of the artistic restoration of that building. When the National academy of design was established in 1814, Manzo was appointed its director, and he was afterward charged with the decoration of the chamber of congress. In 1824 he was attached to the embassy to Rome, and on the way visited the United States, London, and the Netherlands. He fell sick in Paris, and. although ordered home, remained there to perfect his knowledge of engraving and to acquire the art of lithography. On his return in 1827 he brought the necessary instruments, presses, and stones, and was the founder of this industry in Mexico. In view of his work, congress granted him a sum of money to teach this art and that of printing from copper-plates. Notwithstanding the constant revolutions, he obtained from congress, on 16 September, 1828, the use of the Caroline college for establishing his presses and a school of en graving, and for a museum and conservatory of art. He enriched the museum by many specimens of art and natural history, and was appointed a member of the Mexican atheneum. Manzo was also well versed in architecture, and was director of the penitentiary building in Mexico, which was left unfinished at his death.
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