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Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





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Joseph Adams Eve

EVE, Joseph Adams, physician, born in Charleston County, South Carolina, 1 August 1805. He was graduated at the South Carolina medical College in 1828, and began to practice in Augusta, Georgia, making a specialty of obstetrics and diseases of women and children. He was one of the founders in 1832 of the Medical College of Georgia, and took the chair of materia medica and therapeutics, which he exchanged in 1839 for that of obstetrics and wornen's and children's diseases. His papers on materia medica and gynecology have appeared in the "Southern Medical and Surgical Journal.

His son, Robert Campbell Eve, physician, born in Augusta, Georgia, 15 May 1843, was graduated at the Medical College of Virginia in 1863, and, after practicing some time at Staunton, Virginia, settled in Augusta, and became professor of materia medica and medical jurisprudence in the Georgia medical College. He has written on the "Influence of the Ovaiia in Uterine Disorders," " Epilepsy," and "Tonic Properties of Mercury in Minute Doses.

"Joseph Adams's niece, Maria Lou Eve, author, born near Augusta, Georgia, about 1848, was graduated at Greensborough College, Georgia, and after leaving school contributed to "Scott's Magazine" and other southern literary journals. In 1879 she wrote a prize poem entitled "Conquered at Last," expressing gratitude for northern aid during the yellow fever epidemic of 1878. She has published many poems in magazines and newspapers, some of which are included in " Woman in Sacred Song" (Boston), and some in George M. Baker's " Reading Club."

Joseph Adams's cousin, Paul Fitzsimons Eve, physician, born near Augusta, Georgia, 27 June 1806; died in Nashville, Tennessee, 3 November 1877, was graduated at Franklin college, Georgia, in 1826, and studied in the office of Dr. Charles D. Meigs and in the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania, where he was graduated in 1828. He then studied three years in London and Paris, and served as ambulance surgeon during the revolution of 1830 and as a regimental surgeon in the Polish war. He returned to the United States in November 183l, and the following June was elected professor of surgery in the newly organized Medical College of Georgia. He remained there until 1849, when he succeeded Dr. Gross as surgical professor in the University of Louisville, but resigned after the first course of lectures.

In 1850 he became professor of surgery in the University of Nashville, which was established at that time. In 1868 he accepted the professorship of surgery in the University of Missouri, but was obliged by the un-healthfulness of the elimate to return to Nashville, where he became professor of operative and clinical surgery. In 1877 he became professor of the principles of surgery and of the diseases of the genitourinary organs in the Medical College there. He was one of the best surgeons in the southwest. In 1861 he was appointed surgeon general of Tennessee, and served during the war as hospital surgeon on the medical examination board, and with the Confederate army at Shiloh, Columbus, Miss., Atlanta, and Augusta, Georgia He performed more than a hundred operations of lithotomy, usually by the bilateral method, and lost only eight out of ninetytWo cases operated upon bilaterally. He is believed to have been the first American surgeon to excise the uterus in situ, the patient living over three months, and has removed the crista galli, the patient surviving six days, trephined the lateral sinus of the brain, removed a nail from the lung by tracheotomy, and performed other difficult operations. He was for a time editor of the "Southern Medical and Surgical Journal," and assisted in editing the Nashville "Medical and Surgical Journal." He has published over 600 articles on medical subjects. His most important works are "Remarkable Cases in Surgery" (1857); "One hundred Cases of Lithotomy" in the "Transactions " of the American medical association for 1870: " What the South and West have done for American Surgery"; and reports of 20 amputations and 13 resections at the hip joint performed by Confederate surgeons, contributed to the "Medical History of the War."

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright © 2001 VirtualologyTM

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