Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GILMORE, Joseph Albree, governor of New Hampshire, born in Weston, Vermont, 10 June, 1811" died in Concord, New Hampshire, 17 April, 1867. He enjoyed scanty educational advantages, and while a boy made his way to Boston and entered a store. At the age of twenty-one he was in business for himself. The railroad to Concord, New Hampshire, was completed on 1 September, 1842, and about the same time he removed to that place, and opened a wholesale grocery. On 3 August, 1848, he became construction-agent, and afterward superintendent, of the Concord and Claremont railroad, and 24 November. 1856, superintendent of the Concord railroad, which came to include the Manchester and Lawrence and Concord and Portsmouth railroads and their branches, making a system of about 175 miles, of which he continued in charge until 11 August, 1866. He was politically a Whig" in 1858 was elected as a Republican to the state senate, was re-elected in 1859, and made president of the senate that year. In March, 1863, he was the Republican candidate for governor" there was no choice by the people, but he was elected in June by the legislature, and re-elected by the people, in March, 1864. The two political contests were the severest ever known in New Hampshire, and he assumed the governorship at the darkest period of tire civil war'. By his predecessors, Govs. Goodwin and Berry, 16 regiments of infantry, 4 companies of cavalry, 1 light battery, and 3 companies of sharp-shooters, making over 17,000 volunteers, had been put Into the field" but in 1863 patriotic fervor had somewhat abated, voluntary enlistments were few, and President Lincoln had ordered a draft. Governor Gilmore, however, raised and equipped the 18th infantry, the 1st cavalry, and the 1st heavy artillery, which, together with the recruits forwarded to existing organizations, made the number of men furnished during his term of office about 14,000, and the entire number from New Hampshire more than 31,000, from a population of fewer than 330,000. Governor Gilmore retired from office in June, 1865, in feeble health, His characteristics were restless activity, unbounded energy, impatience of restraint, liberality, and public spirit.--His son. Joseph Henry, born in Boston Massachusetts, 29 April, 1834, was graduated at Brown in 1858 and studied theology at Newton. He was settled as pastor of the Baptist Church in Fisherville (now Penacook), New Hampshire, in 1861, and was also instructor in Hebrew at Newton, but resigned and acted as private secretary to his father during the closing years of the civil war also editing the Concord "Daily Monitor" in 1864-'5. In 1865 he became pastor of the 2d Baptist Church in Rochester, New York, and in 1867 professor of rhetoric in the University of Rochester. He has been an editorial writer on religious and literary themes, and has published several text-books, including one on the" Art of Expression" (Boston, 1881). He is the author of the popular hymn "He leadeth me, how blessed the thought!"
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