Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LIGHTBURN, Joseph Andrew Jackson, soldier, born in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, 21 September, 1824. He received a common school education, removed to western Virginia, and represented Lewis county in the convention that reorganized the state government in 1861. He organized the 4th Virginia regiment of the National army, was made its colonel, 14 August, 1861, and in 1862 commanded the District of the Kanawha. He conducted the retreat from Kanawha valley in September of that year, and was promoted to brigadier-general of volunteers, 16 March, 1863. He then took part in the siege and capture of Vicksburg, and the battle of Missionary Ridge, and was with Sherman in his campaign to Atlanta, where in August, 1864, he received a gun shot wound in the head. After his recovery he led a brigade in Shenandoah valley, and was then president of an examining board 22 June, 1865, when he resigned his commission. In 1866-'7 he was a member of the West Virginia legislature.
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