Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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HOLDER, Joseph Bassett, zoologist, born in Lynn, Massachusetts, 26 October, 1824. He studied at the Friends' school in Providence, Rhode Island, and then took a course in the Harvard medical school. Subsequently he entered the United States army, and from 1860 till 1867 was surgeon-in-charge at the United States military prison in Tortugas, Florida, and then assistant post-surgeon at Fort Monroe, Virginia. In 1870 he was appointed curator of invertebrate zoology, icthyology, and herpetology in the American museum of natural history, New York. He is a member of several scientific societies and a fellow of the New York academy of sciences. His publications include" History of the North American Fauna" (New York, 1882); "History of the Atlantic Right Whales " (1883); and '"The Living World" (1884). --His son, Charles Frederick, naturalist, born in Lynn, Massachusetts, 5 August, 1851, was educated at the Friends' school in Providence, Rhode Island, at Allen's seminary, West Newton, Massachusetts, and at the United States naval academy in Annapolis, Maryland From 1870 till 1877 he was assistant in the American museum of natural history, and subsequently was connected with the New York aquarium, for which he made several trips to various parts of the United States for rare specimens. In 1SS0 he settled in New York city, and thenceforth devoted himself to lecturing on zoology in schools, and in literary pursuits. He is a member of scientific societies, and is a fellow of the New York academy of sciences. Mr. Holder has contributed to magazine literature, and especially to periodicals for young people. He is the author of " Elements of Zoology " (New York, 1885); " Marvels of Animal Life " (1885); " The Ivory King" (1886); " Living Lights " (1887); and " Wonder Wings " (Boston, 1887).
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