Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HUTCHISON, Joseph Chrislnan, physician, born in Old Franklin, Howard County, Maine, 22 February, 1822; died in Brooklyn, New York, 16 July, 1887. He studied at the University of Missouri, and was graduated in medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in 1848. He then practised four years in Missouri, and in 1852 settled in Brooklyn, where he remained until his death. He was surgeon to the Brooklyn city hospital from 1857 till his death, for several years was surgeon-in-chief to the Brooklyn orthopaedic infirmary. In 1854-'6 he was lecturer on diseases of women in the New York university. During the cholera epidemic of 1854 he was surgeon to the Brooklyn cholera hospital. From 1860 till 1867 he was professor of operative and clinical surgery in Long Island college hospital, and from 1873 till 1875 he was health commissioner of Brooklyn. He was a delegate from the American medical association to the International medical congress at Paris in 1867, was vice president of the New York academy of medicine from 1869 till he became president in 1871, a delegate to the British medical association in Edinburgh in 1875, to that held in London in 1881 and was a member of various medical associations. The University of Missouri gave him the degree of LL. D. in 1880. Among his most important publications are "History and Observations on Asiatic Cholera in Brooklyn, New York, in 1854" (New York, 1854); "Dislocation of the Femur into the Ischiatic Notch"; "Treatise on Physiology and Hygiene" for schools (1870); "Contributions to Orthopaedic Surgery" (1880); and "Acupressure," a prize essay of the New York state medical society.
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