Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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AUDENRIED, Joseph Crain, soldier, born in Pottsville, Pennsylvania, 6 November 1839; died in Washington, 3 June 1880. He was graduated at West Point in 1861, was brevetted second lieutenant, 4th cavalry'; and assisted in organizing and drilling the troops then assembled in Washington. He took part in the first campaign as aide-decamp to General Tyler, and served with the 2d artillery till March 1862. During the peninsular campaign he was acting assistant adjutant-general to General Emory's cavalry command. In July 1862, he became aide-de-camp to General Sumner, commanding 2d army corps, and acted in this capacity until the death of General Sumner in March 1863. tie was wounded at Antietam. and brevetted captain. He reported as aide-de-camp to General Grant in June 1863, and witnessed the surrender of Vicksburg. He joined the staff of General Sherman at Memphis on 1 October 1863, and shared in the Chattanooga and Knoxville campaign, that to Meridian, the Atlanta campaign, the march to the sea, and that through the Carolinas. He accompanied General Sherman during his several tours through the great west, among the Indians, and through Europe, and continued to discharge the duties of aide-de-camp to the general of the army until his death.
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