Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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DOANE, Joseph, loyalist, of Bucks County, Pennsylvania Previous to the Revolution he was regarded as a reputable man of good estate, but, having been harassed by the Whigs, he and his seven sons threw in their lot with the Tories. He was in Bedford County jail in September 1783, but nothing further is known of his history. Five of the sons, MOSES, JOSEPH, ISRAEL, ABRAHAM, and MAHLON, were men of fine physique and address, elegant horsemen, and great runners and leapers. Their property having been confiscated and sold, they determined to wage predatory war upon their persecutors, to live in the open air, and exist as best they could. In pursuance of this plan, they became the terror of the surrounding country, robbing and plundering continually, but sparing the poor, the weak, and the peaceful. They also acted as spies for the British army, always went on horseback, sometimes all together, at other times separately, and with accomplices. So successful were they in escaping when arrested or assailed, that a reward of £300 was offered for each of their heads. Finally, Moses, after a desperate fight; was shot by his captors, and Abraham and Mahlon were hanged at Philadelphia. Joseph, before the Revolution, was a teacher. While on a marauding expedition during the war, he was badly wounded, and, falling from his horse, was captured. He was imprisoned, but succeeded in escaping to New Jersey, where he taught for a year under an assumed name. Finally he fled to Canada, and returned to Pennsylvania, a few years after peace had been declared, a poor, broken-down old man. The only mention of Israel is that in February 1783, he was in jail, and that his appeal to the council of Pennsylvania to be released was dismissed. The council pardoned Aaron, who was under sentence of death at Philadelphia in October 1784, in March 1785, and a second Aaron was reprieved under the gallows, at Newark, New Jersey, in July 1788.
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