Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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DURTHALER, Joseph, clergyman, born in Ste. MarieauMigne, Alsace, in 1819; died in New York in 1885. He was educated at the Lyceum of Strasbourg, and took his degree at the University of France. He studied theology in the Seminary of Strasbourg, and became a Jesuit in 1844. He was then employed in teaching, and was noted for the number of artistic and literary celebrities that had been his pupils. During the Revolution of 1848 He came to the United States, at his own request was sent on the Indian mission, and in 1850 arrived at Walpole island. Here he was stricken with typhoid fever, and on his recovery was sent to teach in St. Mary's College, Montreal. He was next transferred to St. Francis Xavier's College, New York, of which he may be considered the founder. He built the new College, made it legally a collegiate institution, extended the course of science, strengthened its classical curriculum, and began its fine mineralogical, botanical, and conchological collections. In 1863 he resigned the presidency of St. Francis Xavier's and went to Buffalo, where he built a large Church for the Germans, and founded the classical school that was afterward developed into Canisius's College. In 1871 he returned to St. Francis Xavier's College, but after a short stay went to Hoboken, where he organized a German parish. In 1875 he was named rector of St. Joseph's Church, New York, and during the succeeding ten years built a Church and schoolhouses, and founded a convent and school of the Sisters of Notre Dame.
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