Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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DWENGER, Joseph, R. C. bishop, born in St. John's, Ohio, in 1837. He was educated in the school of the Holy Trinity, Cincinnati, and afterward studied for the priesthood in the Seminary of Mount St. Mary's of the West. In 1859 he received ordination and was appointed professor in the College of the precious blood. He was next placed in charge of the congregations of Wapakoneta and St. Mary's, and was also connected with the Seminary of St. Mary's. He was a traveling missionary in the states of Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana in 1867'72, and in the latter year was consecrated bishop of Fort Wayne. He immediately devoted himself to the development and organization of the parochial school system in his diocese. He established a diocesan school board, and introduced uniformity of teaching and grading. He modeled his system on that of the public school of the United States, and with great success. In 1884 he had sixty schools in operation, with 8,000 pupils, in a Roman Catholic population of 85,000. The University of Notre Dame was established through him under the priests of the holy cross, and he also founded numerous sisterhoods. He accompanied the American pilgrimage to Rome as its superior, and was present at the third plenary council of Baltimore.
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