Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GUIGUES, Joseph Eugene Bruno, Canadian R. C. bishop, born in Gap, France, 28 August, 1805; died in Ottawa, Canada, 9 February, 1874. He decided early in life to devote himself to the church, and entered the congregation of the Oblate Fathers. He soon gained the highest rank in the order, was sent to Canada on a special mission in 1844, and shortly afterward appointed superior and perpetual visitor of the Oblates of Canada. In 1847 the see of Ottawa was created, and, at the request of the bishop of Montreal, Father Guigues was nominated its first bishop, and was consecrated 30 July, 1848. The country under his jurisdiction was at this time sparsely settled, and most of the population was of a floating character. His whole diocese contained only five priests and between four and five thousand Roman Catholics. He set to work to obtain priests from France and Ireland, and his success increased the tide of emigration, which was beginning to flow into the valley of the Ottawa. He established a house of the Oblate Fathers at Notre Dame du Desert, a hundred miles from the city of Ottawa, which supplied him abundantly with missionaries. Another mission was founded at Temiscaming. He was instrumental in founding the College of Ottawa, opened institutions that were conducted by the Sisters of Charity and the Sisters of the Good Shepherd, and established a large number of schools under the care of the Christian Brothers. An orphanage at Ottawa, and houses of refuge for the infirm and old, owed their existence to him. He was particularly anxious to strengthen the French element in Upper Canada, and contributed much to arrest the emigration which had been setting eastward, while his aid and advice drew many French Canadians to settle in the valley of the Ottawa. At his death the number of priests had increased from five to seventy-five. There were a hundred and fifteen churches in the diocese, and the number of Roman Catholics was considerably over seventy-five thousand.
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