Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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McILVAINE, Joseph, senator, born in Bristol, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, in 1768; died in Burlington, New Jersey, 19 August, 1826. He received an academic education, was admitted to the Burlington, New Jersey, bar in 1791, was clerk of the Burlington county court in 1800-'23, and United States attorney for the district of New Jersey in 1801-'20. He was elected to the United States senate from New Jersey in 1823, in place of Samuel L. Southard, who had resigned, and served from December of that year till the time of his death in 1826.--His son, Charles Pettit, P. E. bishop, born in Burlington, New Jersey, 18 January, 1799; died in Florence, Italy, 13 March, 1873, was graduated at Princeton in 1816, studied for the ministry, and was made deacon, 28 June, 1820, and priest, 20 March, 1821. His first charge was Christ church, Georgetown, D. C., where he labored zealously for five years. In 1825 he was appointed professor of ethics, and chaplain in the United States military academy. He accepted a call to St. Ann's church, Brooklyn, New York, in 1827, and in 1831 was chosen to be professor of the evidences of revealed religion and sacred antiquities in the University of the city of New York. During his connection with the university he delivered a valuable course of lectures, which were subsequently published. He was next elected bishop of Ohio, and was consecrated in St. Paul's chapel, New York city, 31 October, 1832. On removing to his diocese he became president of Kenyon college, and also of the theological seminary, at Gambier. He received the degree of D.D. from Princeton and from Brown in 1832, that of D. C. L. from Oxford in 1853, and LL. D. from Cambridge in 1858. Bishop McIlvaine was a member of the sanitary commission during the civil war, and did good service to his native hind, when on a visit to Europe, in setting forth right views on the questions at issue in the United States. He was present at the Pan-Anglican council in London in 1867. As age drew on, he yielded to the necessity of having an assistant, and Dr. Gregory T. Bedell was elected to that office in 1859. Infirm health led to his making another visit to Europe in 1872-'3, but he died before he could reach home. Bishop McIlvaine was an able and voluminous writer. His chief publications were "Lectures on the Evidences of Christianity" (New York, 1832), which have passed through thirty editions; "Oxford Divinity compared with that of the Roman and Anglican Churches, with a Special View of the Doctrine of Justification by Faith" (Philadelphia, 1841) ; "The Holy Catholic Church" (1844) : "No Priest, no Altar, no Sacrifice, but Christ," and "Reasons for Refusing to Consecrate a Church having an Altar" (1846); "Valedictory Offering, Five Sermons" (London. 1853) ; " The Truth and the Life, Twenty-two Discourses," published at the request of the convention of Ohio (New York, 1855), together with numerous occasional sermons, addresses, pastoral letters, etc. He also edited "Select Family and Parish Sermons," from English sources (2 vols., Philadelphia, 1839).
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