Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MONTGOMERY, Joseph, clergyman, born in Paxtang township, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 3 October, 1733 ; died in Harrisburgh, Pennsylvania, 14 October, 1794. He was graduated at, Princeton in 1755, and then became master of the grammar-school connected with that college. Meanwhile he studied theology, and was licensed to preach by the presbytery of Philadelphia about 1760. He held various pastorates in Pennsylvania until 1769, and was then installed over the congregations of Christiana Bridge and New Castle, Delaware, where he remained until 1777. Subsequently he held a commission of chaplain in Colonel William Smallwood's Maryland regiment of the Continental line. In 1780 he was chosen by the general assembly of Pennsylvania as one of its delegates to congress, and served during two terms. He was elected to the state assembly in 1782, and chosen by that body in 1783 to be one of the commissioners to settle the difficulty between the state and the Connecticut settlers in Wyoming. In 1785, when the county of Dauphin was founded, Mr. Montgomery was appointed recorder of deeds and register of wills for the county, which office he held until his death. In 1760 he received the degree of A. M. from Yale and the College of Philadelphia (now University of Pennsylvania).
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