Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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PLUMB, Joseph, pioneer, born in Paris, Oneida County, New York, 27 June, 1791 ; died in Cattaraugus, New York, 25 May, 1870. He settled in Fredonia, New York, in 1816, and after removing to New York city, and subsequently to Ithaca and Geneva, he finally established himself in Gowanda, Erie County, New York, on the border of the Cattaraugus reservation of Seneca Indians. He was active in benevolent and educational enterprises in behalf of this tribe, and organized the first schools and church in that community. He was a founder of the Liberty party in i840, and its candidate for lieutenant-governor in 1844. He owned the land upon which the town of Cattaraugus was built, and disposed of it on condition that no intoxicating liquors should be sold thereon. In one case the matter was carried to the court of appeals, and, after years of litigation, was decided in 1869 in favor of Mr. Plumb, the court sustaining the temperance restriction. He was an early member of the anti-slavery party, and declined a nomination to congress in 1852, and the office of circuit judge. See his "Memorial" (printed privately, 1870).--His son, Edward Lee, diplomatist, born in Gowanda, New York, 17 July, 1827, has been secretary of legation and charge d'affaires in Mexico, consul-general at Havana, and was the agent in procuring the charter of the International railway of Mexico.
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