Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CHANDLER, Joseph Ripley, journalist, born in Kingston, Massachusetts, 25 August, 1792 ; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 10 July, 1880. After receiving- a common-school education, he became clerk in a store in Boston, but continued to read and study, and soon began to teach. About 1815 he married and moved to Philadelphia, where for some years he and his wife kept a successful school. He became connected with the "United States Gazette," then in a moribund condition, in 1822, and in 1826, having given it renewed life, he gave up his school. The "Gazette" became prominent as a Whig journal and an advocate of national and local progress. Mr. Chandler's connection with it ceased, owing to his health, in 1847, when it was merged in the "North American." He was a member of the Philadelphia City council from 1832 till 1848, and in 1836 was a delegate to the State constitutional convention. He was elected to congress as a Whig in 1848, and served three terms, from 1849 till 1855. Much of his time between 1855 and 1858 was spent abroad, and in the latter year President Buchanan appointed him minister to the Two Sicilies. He was in Naples at the time of the expulsion of the Bourbons, and returned in November, 1860, to Philadelphia. He took much interest in prison reform, was one of the inspectors of prisons, and a prominent member of the Philadelphia society for the relief of public prisons. He published a "Grammar of the English Language" (Philadelphia, 1821), and many essays, addresses, and pamphlets on prison discipline and other subjects of general interest.
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