Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MONCABRIE DE PEYTES, Joseph Saturnin, Comte de (mong-kab-re-ay), French naval officer, born in Toulouse, 9 August, 1741; died there, 20 September, 1819. He entered the navy as a midshipman in 1756, served in Canada till the peace of 1763, being made lieutenant in 1764, and captain in 1777. During the war with England from 1778 till 1783 he participated in the capture of Tobago, defeated an English division off Jamaica in 1780, and, joining De Grasse in Chesapeake bay, took part in the engagement of 5 September, 1781. He was also at the capture of St. Christopher and the battles off Dominique on 9 and 12 April, 1782, and was made a commodore. He took part in the expedition to Santo Domingo in 1788, cruised during the following year on the banks of Newfoundland, and forced the English fishers to abandon their pretensions, which had threatened to end in war. He returned to command the station of Santo Domingo in 1790, where he remained for eighteen months amid great difficulties, in consequence of negro insurrections. In 1792 he was imprisoned, but was allowed in 1794 to go to the United States, where he remained several years, in 1814, after the restoration, he was promoted rear-admiral.
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