Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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INDARTE, Jose Rivera (in-dar-tay), Argentine journalist, born in Cordova, Argentine Confederation, in 1810; died in Desterro, Brazil, in 1845. He was brought to the notice of Rosas, governor and captain-general of Buenos Ayres, and was at first his supporter, but afterward became one of the most formidable of his opponents. The object of his first work, "Voto de America" (Buenos Ayres, 1835), was to advocate the formation of diplomatic and commercial relations with Spain. The author was bitterly attacked by extremists of the popular party, and replied to his antagonists in " Defensa del voto de America" (1835). He was imprisoned on account of the violence of his language, and on his release embarked for the United States, where he studied English and Italian, and devoted himself ardently to history and political economy. He discussed several important questions in the American journals, among others the annexation of Texas, and some of his essays were collected and published in Madrid by order of the Spanish government. He returned to La Plata in 1839, and assumed the direction of "El Nacional," which he conducted unaided with much ability, at the same time acting as the correspondent of the "Commercio," a Brazilian journal. He also issued weekly from the presses of "El Nacional" a series of poems under the title "Tirteo," attacking the dictator, Rosas. His next work, "Rosas y sus opositores" (Montevideo, 1843), ends with a list of the tyrant's victims entitled " Tablas de sangre." The details given in this chapter greatly excited the anger of Rosas, and it is said that he was often heard to say, " Will no one free me from this man?" Indarte added an appendix to this work, written with his customary violence, "Es accion santa matar a Rosas. He afterward retired to Brazil, where he died of a disease of the lungs, or, as some say, of poison administered by the agents of Rosas. His other works include "Demostracion de la legitimidad de la independencia de la republica del Uruguay" (Montevideo, 1842), and "La Intervencion Anglo-francesa en el Rio de la Plata" (1844). See "Estudios sobre el Rio de la Plata," by Magarinos Cervantes (Paris, 1856).
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