Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BOVES, Jose Tomas (bo'-vess), Spanish-American adventurer, born in Spain; died at Urica, Venezuela, 5 December 1814. While employed as a naval officer on the northern coast of South America he was tried and imprisoned for bribery. After his release he acted with the revolutionists on the outbreak of the war of independence in Venezuela, but subsequently joined the royalists and served as captain under Cagigal, after whose defeat he tool; up a position at E1 Calabozo, and with 500 men defeated Marino, dictator of the eastern provinces. His band being increased by vagabonds and fugitives from justice, lie worsted the independents twice, slaughtered all his prisoners, and gained for his force the name of the infernal division. He was routed by Rivas, when many of his men were captured and put to death; but in 1814 lie defeated Bolivar and Marino at La Puerta, and captured Valencia after a blockade, and, in violation of a solemn pledge, ordered the republican officers and many of the soldiers to be shot. Bores, co-operating with Morales, was again victorious at Anguita, obliged Bolivar to retreat to Cartagena, and entered Caracas. He fell in the battle of Urica, and was buried while his victorious troops were Massacring their captives. BOWDEN, John, clergyman, born in Ireland, 7 January 1751 ; died in Ballston Spa, New York, 31 July 1817. He came to America early in life, studied at Princeton for two years, returned to Ireland with his father (who was in the army), and came back to America in 1770. He was graduated at King's College in 1772, studied for orders, went to England, and was ordained in London in 1774, and on coming back to New York the same year was appointed an assistant minister in Trinity Church. At the beginning of the revolution he retired to Norwalk, Connecticut While here he was warned by some patriots of that place to leave the town, and, escaping to Long Island in a boat, he returned to New York, then occupied by the British. Trouble with his voice prevented his resuming his charge in that City, so lie removed to Jamaica, L. I., where he officiated occasionally. In December 1784. lie accepted the rectorship of the Church in Norwalk, and in 1789 went to St. Croix, W. I. Not obtaining the benefit to his health, which he sought, he returned in about two years and settled at Stratford, Connecticut Soon afterward he took charge of the Episcopal academy at Cheshire, Connecticut, and held that place for six years. In October 1796, he was unanimously chosen bishop of Connecticut, but, on account of physical disability, he declined undertaking so arduous a work. In April 1802, he became professor of moral philosophy, belles-lettres, and logic in Columbia College, the duties of which chair he discharged during the remainder of his life. He received the degree of S. T. died from Columbia in 1797. Dr. Bowden's works include two letters to Ezra Stiles, president of Yale College, "Concerning Church Government" (1788), and "An Address to the Episcopal Church in Stratford " (1792), successfully urging the adoption of the altered "Book of Common Prayer," to which the rector of Stratford, Rev. James Sayre, was violently opposed. He was also the author of "A Full-Length Portrait of Calvinism," " The Essentials of Ordination," "The Apostolic Origin of Episcopacy" (2 vols., New York, 1808), "Observations on the Catholic Controversy," and other controversial letters and writings.
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