Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GORRITI, Jose Ygnacio (gor-re'-te), Argentine soldier, born in Jujui in 1770; died in Sucre, Bolivia, 9 November, 1835. He studied in the University of Cordoba, and then went to Chuquisaea to be graduated as doctor in law, but at the death of his father in 1791 returned home to take charge of his property. There the revolution of May, 1810, found him, and he at once sided with the cause of independence, serving during the war of upper Peru. During the campaign of Salta and Tueuman in 1819 and 1820, he spent, a great part of his fortune in the maintenance of the Argentine army. In 1820 he was sent as a delegate for the province of Salta to the first constituent congress; and in the same year, when the governor of Salta, General Giiemes, was called to the field, Gorriti became governor in his place. When the Spanish general Marquiegui invaded the province, Gorriti with a small force defeated and captured his vanguard, and forced the main body to retire to upper Peru. In 1821 there was a revolution against Giiemes, and Gorriti was requested to take charge of the government, but he refused and retired to private life. When the province continued in anarchy, he came forward again, and took part in the defence against the last exertions of the royalist armies. He also strenuously opposed Quiroga, but, when the latter defeated General Alvarado in 1831, Gorriti emigrated to Bolivia and died there.
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