Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BATES, Joshua, educator, born in Cohasset, Massachusetts, 20 March 1776; died in Dudley, Massachusetts, 14 January 1854. His father was a farmer and storekeeper, and Bates's early life was spent on the farm and as clerk in the store. He had little regular schooling, but, with the assistance of the Congregational minister in his native town, prepared himself for Harvard, entering as a sophomore in 1797. At College, although he had to support himself by teaching, he took a high stand and was graduated with honor in 1800. He then became a teacher in Phillips Andover academy, studying theology meanwhile with the Rev. Jonathan French. On 16 March 1803, he was ordained pastor of the Church at Dedham, Massachusetts. Early in his ministry here he brought himself into notice by his able defense of his friend, the Rev. John Codman, who had become involved in difficulty for refusing to exchange pulpits with clergymen of liberal views. In March 1818, he accepted the presidency of Middlebury College, Vermont, and in the same year he received the degree of S. T. died from Yale. He resigned on account of age in 1839. He then visited his daughters in the south, and when in Washington, on his way thither, was chosen chaplain to congress, and officiated until the close of the session. After supplying pulpits, first in Portland, Maine, and then at Northborough, Massachusetts, he was installed, 22 March 1843, as minister at Dudley, Massachusetts, where he remained until his death. He published a large num-bet of discourses and other writings, among which are two sermons on intemperance (1813); "Inaugural Oration at Middlebury" (1818) ; "Lectures on Christian Character" (1846) ; "A Discourse on John Quincy Adams" (1848); and "Reminiscences of Dr. Codman" (1853).
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