Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HILL, Joshua, statesman, born in Abbeville district, South Carolina, 10 January, 1812. He removed to Georgia early in life, and was admitted to the bar of that state, beginning to practise at Madison. He was afterward chosen to congress as an American, and served from 1857 till 23 January, 1861, when he resigned his seat, in obedience to the wishes of the Georgia convention, though he was strongly opposed to secession. He had a few days previously made a conciliatory speech, which had been well received. During the civil war he remained quietly on his plantation, and took no part in public affairs, save that he was a candidate for governor of his state in 1863, and was defeated by Joseph E. Brown. He took part in the proceedings of the Constitutional convention called in pursuance of President Johnson's proclamation in 1866, and was an unsuccessful candidate for the United States senate in the same year. He then removed to Washington, but in 1868, after the organization of a state government in Georgia, under the reconstruction acts of congress, he was elected United States senator from that state, and served till 1873. In 1872 he took an active part in the discussion with Charles Sumner on the civil rights bill.
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