Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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UPHAM, Joshua, jurist, born in Brookfield, Massachusetts, 14 November, 1741; died in London, England, in 1808. He was graduated at Harvard in 1763, practised law in New York and Boston, built the first woollen-mill in this country, and introduced the manufacture of salt into some of the seaboard towns. He was a judge of the supreme court of New Brunswick at the organization of the judiciary of that province, and died in London while engaged in public business relating, to the affairs of the British North American provinces. --His son, Charles Wentworth, author, born in St. John, New Brunswick, 4 May, 1802; died in Salem, Massachusetts, 14 June, 1875, after serving as an apothecary's apprentice, worked on a farm in Nova Scotia until 1816, when he made his way to Boston. After graduation at Harvard in 1821, and at the divinity-school in 1824, he was ordained colleague of the Reverend John Prince over the 1st church in Salem, where he remained from 8 December, 1824, till he was forced to abandon the ministry, owing to bronchial trouble, 8 December, 1844. He was mayor of Salem in 1852, and during his term of service re-organized the police force, introducing a new system, and secured the establishment of a state normal school, He was a member of the legislature in 1840, 1849, and 1859-'60, and was president of the state senate in 1857-'8. His principal effort was directed to the interest of education in the district and high schools, the endowment of colleges and improvement of the statute laws of the commonwealth, and he reported the measures that made education a regular depart-meat of the state government. In 1853 he was a member of the State constitutional convention, and he was then elected to congress as a Whig, serving from 5 December, 1853, till 3 March, 1855. He was chairman of a select committee to investigate the affairs and condition of the Smithsonian institution, and in an elaborate report advocated the policy of making it the foundation of a valuable library. On 24 March, 1826, he married Ann Susan, sister of Oliver Wendell Holmes. He edited the " Christian Register" in 1845-'6, contributed to magazines and reviews, and was the author of "Letters on the Loges" (Boston, 1828) ; "Lectures on Witchcraft, comprising a History of the Salem Delusion, 1692" (1831 ; enlarged ed., 2 vols., 1867); " Life of Sir Henry Vane," in Sparks's "American Biography" (1835); "Prophecy as an Evidence of Christianity" (1835);" Life of John C. Fremont" (1856)" " Memoir of Francis Peabody" (1869); " Salem Witchcraft and Cotton Mather, a Reply" (1870); and the last, three volumes of the "Life of Timothy Pickering," begun by Octavius Pickering (4 vols., 1867-'72).
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