Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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TUCKER, Josiah, English clergyman, born in Laugharne, Carmarthenshire, Wales, in 1711; died in Gloucester, England, 4 November, 1799. He was graduated at Oxford and ordained a priest of the English church, he was appointed curate of St. Stephen's church, Bristol, in 1737, soon afterward promoted to be to minor canon of the cathedral, and was made rector of St. Stephen's in 1749. In 1756 he was nominated prebendary of Bristol, and he became dean of Gloucester in 1758. Dr. Tucker was famous for his pamphlets on politics and political economy in the latter half of the 18th century, but especially for his views on the relations of the American colonies to the mother country. He held that a separation would be no loss to the latter, and that the English parliament should by solemn act separate the colonies from the parent government and disregard any application for restoration to the rights and privileges of British subjects until by humble petition they should ask for pardon and re-instatement. During the war he was frequently in conflict with Edmund Burke, who treated his views on the causes of the troubles between Great Britain and her colonies with little ceremony. In his pamphlets on political economy he anticipated some of the views of Adam Smith. His most noteworthy works are "The Elements of Commerce and Theory of Taxes" (Bristol, 1753); "Four Tracts, together with Two Sermons, on Political and Commercial Subjects" (Gloucester, 1774); "Treatise concerning Civil Government" (London, 1781) ; "Cui Bono ?." (1782) ; and "Reflections on the Present Matters of Dispute between Great Britain and Ireland" (1775).
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