Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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YOUNG, Josue Marie, R. C. bishop, born in the part of Aeton that is now called Shapleigh, Maine, 29 October, 1808; died in Erie, Pennsylvania, 18 September, 1866. His father, Jonathan. a graduate of Harvard, was a Universalist in religion, and the son was educated in the Congregational faith by a maternal uncle, who was a descendant of the Reverend Samuel Moody. He was apprenticed to a printer at Portland in 1823, adopted Universalist views for a time, and then became a convert to Catholicism. For a year after his apprenticeship he edited the " Maine Democrat" at Saco, and then emigrated to the west, working at his trade in Kentucky and afterward in Cincinnati, Ohio. His religious zeal and his talents attracted the notice of Bishop John B. Purcell, who sent him to Mount St. Mary's college, Emmitsburg, to prepare for the ministry. He adopted a new middle name in the place of his original one of Moody, was ordained priest in 1837, and labored for seven years as a missionary in the west and afterward as parish priest at Lancaster, Ohio. When the diocese of Erie was formed in 1853, by the division of the former diocese of Pittsburg, he was nominated as the successor of Bishop Michael O'Connor, who was translated to the new see at his own suggestion. Dr. Young, however, was reluctant to take the place of the older bishop at Pitts-burg, but agreed to accept an appointment as bishop of Erie. He was consecrated on 23 April, 1854. His administration of the diocese was distinguished for zeal and energy, and resulted in an increase of churches from 28 to more than 50, and of clergymen from 14 to 51. He established academies and schools, orphan asylums, and an infirmary and hospital, was rigid in religious exercises, laborious in his episcopal visitations, assiduous in preparing young men for the spiritual office, and active in the promotion of temperance, and was an earnest preacher, attracting many Protestant hearers.
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