Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ZENEA, Juan Clemente (thay-nay'-ah), Cuban author, born in Bayamo in 1834; died in Havana, 25 August, 1871. When he was very young he went to Havana, where he received his education, and then devoted himself to teaching and literary pursuits. His liberal ideas forced him to emigrate several times, fixing his residence alternately in the United States and Mexico, with short sojourns at Havana. In 1861 he founded the "Revista Habanera," which was suppressed by the government after two years of existence. When the Cuban insurrection began in 1868 he went to New York, where he published a newspaper in aid of the Cuban patriots. In 1870 he was sent to Cuba by the revolutionary committee of New York on a special mission to President Cespedes. When he was attempting to leave the island, after fulfilling his mission, he was made a prisoner by the Spanish forces, confined several months in Fort Cabafias, of Havana, and finally court-martialed and shot. Zenea enjoys a wide reputation as a lyrical poet in all Spanish-speaking countries, and his poems have been frequently reprinted. He published "Cantos de la Tarde" (Havana, 1860); "Lejos de la patria," a novel (1861); " En dias de esclavitud" (New York, 1870): and " Diario de un MSrtir," written in his prison. A complete edition of Zenea's poems was published in New York (1872).
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