Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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ROSCIO, Juan German (ros'-se-o), Venezuelan statesman, born in Caracas in 1769; died in Cucuta in 1821. He was graduated in law at the University of Caracas in 1795, joined the revolutionists in 1810, and was elected deputy to the congress of 1811, edited the manifesto of" the confederation of Venezuela, assisted in forming the Federal constitution, and in 1812 was appointed a member of the Federal executive. On the surrender of General Miranda to the Spanish general, Monteverde, Roscio and other members of the executive were sent as prisoners to Cadiz. In 1814 he and three others escaped, and took refuge in Gibraltar, but the governor delivered them up to the Spanish authorities. In 1816 he regained his liberty and went to Jamaica, and in 1818 to Philadelphia, where he wrote a work entitled "Triunfo de la Libertad sobre el Despotismo." He returned to South America in 1818, and wrote for a Republican paper called " Corrdo del Orinoco." He was soon appointed director of the revenues, and elected to the congress of 1819. At his death he was vice-president of Colombia.
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