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Juan Jose Latorre

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Juan José LatorreBenavente

 

LATORRE, Juan José (lah-tor'-reh), Chilean naval officer, born in Santiago, 24 March 1846; died in Viña del Mar, 9 July 1912. He studied at the naval school of Valparaiso, and in 1865 served as 2d lieutenant on the "Esmeralda," when she captured the Spanish corvette "Virgen de Covadonga."

 

In the same year he was present at the naval battle of Abtao, in the channels of Chiloe, between the Spanish and Chilean-Peruvian fleets. In April, 1879, as brevet captain, he received the command of the "Magallanes," and was the first to begin hostilities against Peru and Bolivia, sustaining a running fight against the Peruvian corvettes "Union" and "Pilcomayo."

 

He bombarded the ports of Mollendo, Pisagua, and others in June, and on 9 July, coming to the aid of the transport "Matias Cousnio," sustained an unequal battle against the iron-clad "Huáscar," but, on account of the proximity of one of the large Chilean men-of-war, the "Huáscar" was finally forced to retire. Two months afterward he was appointed to the command of the iron-clad "Cochrane," and on 8 October, 1879, took part in the battle of Angamos, where the "Huáscar" was captured. After this battle he was appointed post-captain, and bombarded on different occasions the town of Arica and the forts of that port.

 

During the blockade of Callao in 1880 he performed important service in attacking the forts. From 13 till 15 January, 1881, he protected the army in Chorrillos, San Juan, and Miraflores. In 1883 he was appointed naval governor of Valparaiso, and soon afterward was promoted to rear-admiral. He went to England in 1884 to superintend the repairs of the iron-clads "Cochrane and Blanco," returned to Chile in 1886, and at the beginning of 1887 was appointed commander-in-chief of the navy.

 

Admiral Latorre died 9 July 1912 surrounded by his family and friends, and is recognized as the second-greatest marine hero of Chile after Arturo Prat Chacón, “The Immortal.”

 

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia by John Looby, Copyright © 2001 StanKlos.comTM

LATORRE, Juan Jose (lah-tor'-reh),Chilian naval officer, born in Santiago, 15 October, 1843. He studied at the naval school of Valparaiso, and in 1865 served as 2d lieutenant on the "Esmeralda," when she captured the Spanish corvette "Covadonga" In the same year he was present at the naval battle of Abtao, in the channels of Chiloe, between the Spanish and Chilian-Peruvian fleets, hi April, 1879, as brevet captain, he received the command of the "Magallanes," and was the first to begin hostilities against Peru and Bolivia, sustaining a running fight against the Peruvian corvettes " Union" and "Pilcomayo." He bombarded the ports of Mollendo, Pisagua, and others in June, and on 9 July, coming to the aid of the transport "Matias Cousnio," sustained an unequal battle against the iron-clad " Huasear," but, on account of the proximity of one of the large Chilian men-of-war, the " Huascar" was finally forced to retire. Two months afterward he was appointed to the command of the iron-clad "Cochrane," and on 8 October, 1879, took part in the battle of Angamos, where the "Huascar" was captured. After this battle he was appointed post-captain, and born-bar(led on different occasions the town of Arica and the forts of that port. During the blockade of Callao in 1880 he performed important service in attacking the forts. From 13 till 15 January, 1881, he protected the army in Ch0rrillos, San Juan, and Miraflores. In 1883 he was appointed naval governor of Valparaiso, and soon afterward was promoted to rear-admiral. He went to England in 1884 to superintend the repairs of the iron-clad "Bhmeo Encalada," returned to Chili in 1886, and at the beginning of 1887 was appointed commander-in-chief of the navy.

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright © 2001 VirtualologyTM

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