Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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ORTEGA y MONTANES, Juan (or-tay'-gah), Mexican archbishop, born in Siles, Mureia, 3 July, 1627 : died in Mexico in 1708. He studied theology and canonical law in the University of Aleala, where he was graduated, and in 1670 was appointed judge of the Inquisition of Mexico. In 1674 he was nominated bishop of Durango and consecrated in Mexico, but before leaving for his diocese he was promoted bishop of Guatemala. He entered upon his duties in 1676, founded the convent of Barefooted Carmelites, and consecrated the new cathedral. In 1682 he was transferred to the diocese of Michoacan, where he built at his own expense the present bishop's palace. In 1696 he was provisionally viceroy until the arrival of the Count of Moctezuma, and in 1701 he was promoted archbishop of Mexico. During his government of the diocese he finished the cathedral of Our Lady of Guadalupe, for which he solicited contributions from door to door. In 1702 he was again for several months in charge of the viceroyalty, from the departure of the Count of Moctezuma till the arrival of the Duke of Albuquerque, and in that interval he despatched a treasure-fleet with $18,000,000, which was sunk by the English in the harbor of Vigo. He wrote two works on ecclesiastical jurisdiction (Mexico, 1685 and 1707).
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