Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BETHISY, Jules Jaques Eleonore (bet-e-sy), French soldier, born in Calais, France, in 1747; died in Paris in 1816. He entered the navy as a boy, and in 1768 was transferred first to the regiment Braf-fremont, and then to the Royal Auvergne, which he joined in America. He became "colonel en second" of this corps, a rank corresponding to a junior field officer of modern battalions. With this regiment he served during the campaigns of 1779-'82. At the unsuccessful siege of the British in Savannah, in August 1779, by the combined French and American forces under D'Estaing and Lincoln, Bethisy was five times wounded, and while returning home received two more wounds in a sea-fight. At the close of the American war he was decorated with the cross of St. Louis and the order of the Cincinnati, and was made "colonel en second" of the Royal Grenadiers of Picardy. During the revolution of 1798 he immigrated from France and allied himself to the house of Bourbon, under the prince of Cond6, with whom he served through the campaigns looking to the restoration of the Bourbons, and was made field marshal 1 January 1814. His death was the result of wounds received in action.
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