Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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DIMICK, Justin, soldier, born in Hartford County, Connecticut, 5 August 1800; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 13 October 1871. He was graduated at the U. S. military academy in 1819, and assigned to the light artillery. After serving at various posts, and as assistant instructor of infantry tactics at West Point for a few months in 1822, he was promoted to 1st lieutenant in the 1st artillery, 1 May 1824, and brevetted captain, 1 May 1834, for ten years' faithful service in one grade. He was given his full commission in 1835, and brevetted major, 8 May 1836, for gallant conduct in the Florida war, having on that date killed two Seminole Indians in personal encounter while skirmishing near Hernandez plantation. He was engaged in suppressing the Canada border disturbances at Rouse's Point, New York, in 1838'9, and in the performance of his duty seized a vessel laden with ammunition for the Canadian insurgents. For this act he was called upon in 1851'3 to defend a civil suit in the Vermont courts.
He served as lieutenant colonel of an artillery battalion of the army of occupation in Texas in 1845'6, and during the Mexican war received two brevets, that of lieutenant colonel, 20 August 1847, for gallantry at Contreras and Churubusco, and that of colonel on 13 September for his services at the storming of Chapultepec, where he was wounded. Besides these battles, he was at Resaca de la Palma, La Hoya, and the capture of the City of Mexico. He served again against Florida Indians in 1849'50 and 1856'7, was made major in the 1st artillery, 1 April 1850, lieutenant colonel, 5 October 1857, and commanded the Fort Monroe artillery school in 1859'61. He was promoted to colonel on 26 October 1861, and commanded the depot of prisoners of war at Fort Warren, Massachusetts, until 1 January 1864. He was retired from active service on 1 August 1863, and in 1864'8 was governor of the soldier's home near Washington, D. C. On 13 March 1865, he was brevetted brigadier general, U. S. army, "for long, gallant, and faithful services to his country." His son, Justin E., died near Chancellorsville, Virginia, 5 May 1863, was graduated at the U.S. military academy in 1861, served as 1st lieutenant of the 1st artillery, and received mortal wounds in the battle of Chancellorsville.
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