Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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KONDIARONK, also known as the Rat, chief of the Tionnontates Hurons, died in Montreal, Canada, August, 1701. He was considered by the French of Canada the bravest and ablest Indian they had ever met. He was constantly at war with the French until 1688, when Dononville, the governor, succeeded in making a treaty with him. In pursuance of this treaty, Kondiaronk set out on 26 May, at the head of 100 men, from Mackinaw to attack the Iroquois. He took Catarocouy on the road, and then learned that the French were negotiating with the Iroquois tribes, and that the French governor would not tolerate any hostility on the part of the Hurons. Kondiaronk was surprised at this change of affairs, but made no complaint, and withdrew from the fort, pretending to go to his village. He had learned, however, that Iroquois deputies and hostages were on their way to Montreal, and, after lying in wait for them several days at Hungry bay, rushed on them with his baud, killing twenty and taking the rest prisoners. His intrigues after this exploit were marked by clever diplomacy, and had the effect of involving the French and the Iroquois in war, during the course of which he baffled all Denonville's steps for effecting peace. In 1689 he arranged a plan with the Iroquois for exterminating the Ottawas, the execution of which was prevented at the last moment by Nicolas Perrot, who learned of the plot from an Aniez Indian. In 1690 he was instrumental in prevailing on the Ottawas to treat with the Iroquois without the intervention of the French. He afterward became a firm friend of the French, and did them good service on many occasions. In 1697 he landed at the head of Lake Michigan with 150 warriors, and found that the Iroquois were encamped at some distance to the number of 250, but with canoes for only sixty. He advanced to the spot, but immediately feigned flight, and being pursued by sixty Iroquois in their canoes, turned and routed them. He afterward prevented the Hurons of Mackinaw from following the Baron, one of their chiefs in the English interest, to New York. He accompanied De la Motte Cadillac to Montreal in the same year, where Frontenac treated him with distinction. He took an active part in bringing about the treaty between the hostile tribes and the French in Montreal in 1700. Kondiaronk was at Montreal again in 1701 and it was by his influence that De Calliees, the governor, hoped to persuade the different tribes to make a mutual interchange of prisoners and to submit their differences in future to the French governor. His death was a heavy blow to the French interest. He was converted by Father de Carheil, and was accustomed to say that the only Frenchmen of talent he had met were De Carheil, De Callieres, and Count Frontenac.
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