Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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ST. LUC, La Corne de, French soldier, born in 1712: died in Montreal, Canada, 1 October, 1784. He belonged to a family that was noted in Canadian annals for the nmnber of its military members. His father was Jean Louis de la Corne, who held the office of town mayor of Three Rivers, and in 1719 was major-general of troops at Quebec, and his brother was the Chevalier Pierre la Come (q. v.), but he signed his name La Come St. Luc. During French supremacy in Canada he was an active partisan leader against the English. He was engaged in 1746 in scouting in the vicinity of Lake St. Sacrament and Fort St. Frederick in June, 1747, nearly captured Fort Clinton (now Sehuylerville, New York), and during the remainder of the old French war was busily employed in ambuscades against convoys and small parties of the enemy. He was present in 1757 as a captain in Montcalm's expedition against Fort William Henry, and led the Indians of the left column. He served with great credit at the battle of Ticonderoga in 1758, where he carried off a convoy of 150 of General Abercrombie's wagons. He took part in the battle on the Plains of Abraham in 1760, and again at the victory of St. Foy, near Quebec, where he was wounded. When hostilities began between Great Britain and her American colonies, he at once espoused the cause of the crown, and successfully incited the Indians of the north and northwest to take up arms against the cohmists. He was with the party that captured Ethan Allen, and with General Carleton when he was repulsed by Colonel Seth Warner. St. Luc was taken prisoner in 1775, and sent to New York, but, returning to Canada in May, 1777, he became the leader of the Indians in the Burgoyne campaign. When Jane McCrea (q. v.) was killed, and Burgoyne demanded that the murderers should be given up, St. Luc reminded him of the consequences, and thus secured immunity for his savage followers. He was accused by Burgoyne of deserting with his Indians at the critical moment at Bennington, and denounced by him in parliament as a runaway. At the close of the war he was appointed a member of the legislative council in Canada, and stoutly defended the political rights of the Canadians at an epoch when they were not always respected. He was a man of education, talent, and courage, His modes of warfare were brutal and sanguinary, and his unrelenting hostility to the colonists manifests the most bitter vindictiveness.
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