Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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HAYNES, Lemuel, clergyman, born in West Hartford, Connecticut, 18 July, 1753; died in Granville, New York, 28 September, 1883. He was a mulatto, and his early life was spent in domestic service. In 1775 he enlisted as a minute-man in the colonial army, joined the forces at Roxbury, Massachusetts, and in 1776 was a volunteer in the expedition to Ticonderoga. At the close of the northern campaign he returned to his home in Granville worked on a farm, and acquired an education without masters, becoming, in a comparatively short time, a respectable Greek and Latin scholar. In November of 1780 he was approved as a candidate for the ministry and invited to supply the pulpit of the Congregational church at Granville. In September, 1783, he was married to Miss Elizabeth Babbat, of Hartford, a young white woman of intelligence and respectability, and in 1785 was ordained by the Association of ministers of Litchfield county. He preached two years at Torrington, but resigned oil account of a prejudice in his congregation against his race, and was then called to Rutland, ministering with great success for thirty years. In 1818 he removed to Manchester, where he was involved in the celebrated trial of the Boom brothers, who were coil-rioted and sentenced to be hanged for the supposed murder of an insane man named Russel Calvin. Mr. Haynes visited them in prison, became convinced of their innocence, and appeared as their advocate. When Calvin returned to Manchester a few days previous to the date fixed for the execution, it was regarded by the masses as a direct answer to the prayers of the colored preacher. In 1822 he was called to Granville, New York, where he remained pastor until his death. He was characterized by subtle intellect, keen wit, and an eager thirst for knowledge. He published " Sermon against Universalism," in reply to Hosea Ballou (Torrington, 1805). His life was written by James E. Cooley (New York, 1848).
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