Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LAWSON, Leonidas Moreau, physician, born in Nicholas county, Kentucky, 10 Sept, 1812; died in Cincinnati, Ohio, 24 January, 1864. His father, a pioneer Methodist clergyman, went to Kentucky from Virginia. The son was graduated at Transylvania university in 1837, made professor of anatomy and physiology there in 1843, and was sent to Europe in 1846 to investigate the progress of medical science in England, France, and Germany. While there, he delivered a course of lectures before the medical department of University college, London. On his return in 1845 he became professor of materia medica and pathology in Ohio medical college, Cincinnati, and was transferred in 1852 to the chair of the principles and practice of medicine. He accepted in 1854 the professorship of the theory and practice of medicine in the Kentucky school of medicine at Louisville, but resumed his chair in Ohio medical college in 1857. He became professor of clinical medicine in the University of Louisiana at New Orleans in 1860, but in 1861 returned to Ohio medical college, where he remained till his death. He was the earliest writer of acknowledged ability on medical subjects in the valley of the Mississippi. He founded the "Western Lancet" in 1847 and contributed abundantly to its pages, conducting it till 1864. He published an edition of Dr. James Hope's " Morbid Anatomy" (1844): and "Practical Treatise on Phthisis Pulmonalis," which was highly praised, and became a standard both in the United States and abroad (Cincinnati, 1861).--His daughter, Louise, born in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1861, began her study of art under the professor of sculpture in the Cincinnati school of art, afterward studied in New York and Boston, and then went to Paris, where she was a pupil of Rhodin. She went to Italy in 1884 and pursued her studies in Rome and Perugia. The directors of the Academy of fine arts of Perugia have conferred upon her their diploma of merit. Among her works are the "Rhodian Boy," "Avaconara," and "II Pastore."
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