Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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JOYNES, Levin Smith, physician, born in Accomac county, Virginia, 13 May, 1819; died in Richmond, Virginia, 18 January, 1881. His father, William T. Joynes. was a judge of the Virginia court of appeals. He was graduated at Washington college, Pennsylvania, in 1835, and in medicine at the University of Virginia in 1839. He afterward studied medicine in Paris, Dublin, and elsewhere, in 1843 began practice in Accomac, and in 1844 removed to Baltimore, Maryland He became professor of physiology and medical jurisprudence in Franklin medical college, Philadelphia, in 1846, returned to Accomac in 1849, and in 1855 was appointed professor of the institutes of medicine and medical jurisprudence in the medical college of Virginia at Richmond, becoming dean of the faculty in 1857, and holding both places until his resignation in 1871, when he was made emeritus professor. He was assistant surgeon in the forces of Virginia from April till June, 1861. In 1872 he was appointed permanent secretary of the state board of health, and he was a delegate to the International medical congress of 1876. He contributed to various medical journals.--His brother, Edward Southey, educator, born in Accomac county, Virginia. 2 March, 1834, was graduated at the University of Virginia in 1853, and immediately appointed assistant professor of ancient languages under Dr. Gessner Harrison. He went to Berlin for study in'1856, and returned in 1858, as professor of Greek in William and Mary college. He was in the Confederate civil service during the late war, and in 1866 became professor of modern languages in Washington college, Lexington, Virginia By his request, the subject of English was attached, and for the first time in Virginia made a prominent college study. His courses of lectures have since become widely known, and the example has been followed (of English study) in other colleges. In 1875 he removed to Vanderbilt university, and bore a leading part in its organization. In 1878 he was called to a professorship in the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and in 1883 he accepted the chair of modern languages in South Carolina college, Columbia, South Carolina Here, as elsewhere, he has been especially useful in the work of organization. He is the editor of the Joynes-Otto series of text books, .in French and German (New York, 1870-'5), and also of classic French plays that have been used in both Harvard and Yale (2 vols., 1870-'82). Professor Joynes has written nothing on English, although his lectures have received much attention. He has taken an active part in public school work in both Virginia and Tennessee. and also in the National educational association, before which he has delivered addresses on "The Study of the Classics" (1873); and "Modern Languages in Higher Education" (1876). He has in press (1887) the "Joynes-Meissnet German Grammar" (Boston).
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